From today we would need a second earth

For the first time, the worldwide earth overload day is well into July

The resource hunger of mankind now requires 1.75 earths. © NASA
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From today we live on pump: Today, July 29, humanity has used up all the sustainable resources of our planet for the year 2019. The earth congestion day has thus moved forward by a few days and is now in July for the first time, according to the Global Footprint Network. According to her calculations, humanity's ecological footprint is now so large that we need 1.75 earths.

Earth Overshoot Day marks the day humanity has consumed all the natural resources that can regenerate the Earth each year. It is determined each year by scientists from the Global Footprint Network and the New Economic Foundation on the basis of the environmental footprint: what we emit of greenhouse gases, consume water or process for our consumption is offset against the ability of the global ecosystem to renew resources and to absorb waste.

The earth overload day is always moving forward. © Global Footprint Network

As early as never before

This year, the earth overload day has once again moved forward. In 2018, it was still on the 1st of August. In 2019, humanity's ecological footprint will be larger for the first time in July than our planet can supply. To cover their resource needs, humanity now needs 1.75 earths per year, according to the Global Footprint Network. The organization has put together all the data on an interactive world map.

"Humanity is simply demanding more than Earth can deliver, " the organization said. "But this overuse can not go on like this for a long time." For a certain period of time, you can indeed exploit planetary resources. But in the long term, this leads to degradation and ultimately the collapse of nature. "The effects of this are already to be seen in soil erosion, desertification, deforestation, species loss, the collapse of fish stocks and the increased CO2 concentrations of the atmosphere, " says the footprint expert. Network page.

Trend so far unabated

So far, the trend of the growing ecological footprint of humanity is unbroken. The date of the earth overload day has moved forward two full months in the last 20 years - and each year the earth overload day moves a little further forward. According to the estimates of the Global Footprint Network, the cological footprint could increase to two by 2030. display

Partly responsible for this is the rising world population in connection with increasing consumption. "A larger population means that finite resources must be distributed to more people, " says the Global Footprint Network. If the resource consumption per capita is not restricted at the same time, this leads to overuse.

Ecological footprints of the countries. Global Footprint Network

Germany burned three earths

However, resource consumption is not distributed equally. While the industrialized countries in particular are massively "pumped", many African countries, but also India still have a comparatively small ecological footprint . The United States is the world's largest source of resource depletion: It has already consumed five soils to meet its immense demand for energy, raw materials and land. This is followed by Australia and Russia.

Germany follows directly behind it in fourth position. Our overuse of resources currently equates to three earths, the Global Footprint Network reports. The National Earth Day of Germany is on the 3rd of May all people worldwide would be as alive as we are, the global Earth Overshoot Day on this date.

There are many starting points for a solution

"We have only one Earth that is the ultimate defining context for human existence. We can not use 1.75 earths without destructive consequences, says Mathis Wackernagel, one of the founders of Global Footprint Network. Similarly reminiscent words from the nature conservation youth (NAJU) Jan Goldner: "We can not afford to lose any more time and have to start acting consistently."

According to the calculations of the Global Footprint Network, it would be enough to postpone Earth Overshoot Day five days a year in the future, to live within the capacity of our planet by 2050. According to the organization, this can be done in five key areas: cities, energy, food, population and planet. Examples and ideas for concrete measures are collected and displayed by the organization on an interactive world map.

Source: Global Footprint Network

- Nadja Podbregar