Bergische half-timbered houses protect Iranians from earthquakes

Cooperation of Unis Wuppertal and Isfahan

Synthesis of Bergisch and Iranian architecture: Truss against earthquakes © Bergische Universität Wuppertal
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Iran is constantly threatened by earthquakes - earthquake-proof homes are urgently needed. Supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Iranian civil engineering students are now building an earthquake-proof model house with Iranian architecture and Bergisch architecture, which will then be built in Iran.

From the 9th to the 17th of August 2007, things are going on in the parking lot of the University of Wuppertal. Even though earthquakes of greater magnitude rarely occur there, a house is being built there in record time that would make little difference. So that the whole thing can be done in only eight days, Alireza Eghdam, the graduate of Wuppertal's year-old graduate, works as site manager. Eghdam appropriately comes from Iran itself. He is assisted by 70 Iranian students from Isfahan, who all help out a lot.

The population in Iran is growing strongly, housing is very scarce - safer and more affordable living space all the more. Because Iran is the country with the highest earthquake risk in the world. 70 million people live here partly directly on the fault zones. This is where the project financed by the German Foreign Office as part of the DAAD project "German-Arabic / Iranian University Dialogue" will start. Due to their diagonal bracing, half-timbered houses also survive the particularly destructive horizontal tremors. In the Wuppertal House, however, the timber beams are replaced by steel, on the one hand, because this provides even more stability, on the other hand, wood in Iran as a building material is very scarce.

Construction safe from corruption

Dr. Hossein Khamkani visits Prof. Dr.-Ing. Georg Pegels © University of Wuppertal

Another and for us initially unusual thought: The visible from the outside truss helps to prevent corruption, because it is visible and can be easily checked by the owners. Project leader and initiator Prof. Dr.-Ing. Georg Pegels, who teaches construction computer science in Wuppertal: "This construction method is corruption-proof! And that is a key criterion in many developing countries. "

The topping-out ceremony will be celebrated on Friday, 17 August at 11.30. There will be a new topping out ceremony next year when the show house is being built in Isfahan. From next year, 40 Iranian students will come to Wuppertal every year to complete their studies after three years of study at home with project seminars and a bachelor thesis in Germany. display

(Kirsten Achenbach, MARUM_Forschungszentrum Ozeanr nder, University of Bremen, 14.08.2007 - DLO)