Developing countries: cardiovascular diseases already in boys

Death rates three times higher than in the US

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Cardiovascular disease is much more prevalent in developing countries than previously thought. While the western world is primarily affected by the elderly, one study shows that in India, South Africa and Brazil, nearly three times as many younger people die of these diseases than in the US.

For the analysis, experts from the Center for Global Health and Economic Development have studied data from Brazil, South Africa, India, China and the Russian Republic of Tatarstan. The team compared the estimated total number of inhabitants of the five countries with the current mortality rates and labor force data to calculate the future impact of cardiovascular disease on society and labor.

Based on these figures, calculations showed that at least 21 million years of future labor could be lost annually. In addition, an increase in disease to 34 million is predicted by 2020.

In India, five million people die every year from cardiovascular disease. 28 percent of these patients are under 65 years old. The proportion of younger people, the study showed, is even higher than in the 1950s in America before the prevention and treatment campaigns began. Jeffrey Sachs, director of Columbia Earth's Earth Institute, warned that by 2020, less than 500 million people over the age of 65 will live in less developed countries. In 2040 it will be one billion. "These people are most susceptible to cardiovascular disease."

In South Africa, these diseases are already among the third most common causes of illness in women and the sixth most common in men. display

The scientist Stephen Leeder explained that often not only was such treatment unavailable, but lifestyle improvement programs were also missing. These include campaigns in the areas of nutrition, sports, smoking or the introduction of the tobacco tax.

(Presset Europe, 27.04.2004 - NPO)