G8 summit with a sobering record?
Results heavy burden for the World Climate Change Conference at the end of 2007 in BaliRead out
On 8 June 2007, following the end of the G8 summit, NABU drew a substantive review under German presidency. "In view of the meager results, one can only state: apart from expenses, almost nothing!", Said NABU President Olaf Tschimpke. All the necessary decisions on climate change had been postponed, and the promised aid to Africa had not come over promises that had already been broken several times.
According to the NABU, the G8 results on climate change are a heavy burden on the Bali Climate Change Conference in late 2007. There it would be difficult to set the course for an international climate protection agreement under the United Nations umbrella after 2012 with ambitious goals. Without saving energy, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing energy efficiency, increasing the share of renewable energies, the goal of curbing global warming to two degrees Celsius would not be achieved.
"In view of the repeated refusal of the emerging economies to commit themselves to binding CO2 reduction targets, it will be difficult even in Bali to achieve effective reduction targets, " said Tschimpke. The NABU was horrified by the plea for nuclear energy contained in the final document. "Those who, like the United States, talk about a renaissance of nuclear energy under the guise of protecting the climate still have not understood that this technology does not contribute to solving the problem!" Said the NABU president.
Billion program for Africa
The NABU welcomed that, after all, the decisions on biodiversity conservation of the Potsdam Initiative were anchored in the final communiqué of the G8 summit and a billion-dollar program for Africa was agreed. Nevertheless, the majority of heads of state and government still did not understand the inseparable connection between climate change, biodiversity protection and poverty reduction, and the need for swift action. display
"More aid to Africa has already been agreed at the Gleneagles G8 summit in 2005, and as early as 2002 in Johannesburg, the states committed to curb the extinction of species by 2010, but we still miss the implementation of these noble goals, " he said Tschimpke. In addition, the G8 countries would continue to seek funding for large-scale demolishing projects and large-scale foreign investors to help eradicate poverty in Africa, rather than supporting nature-friendly rural projects.
"The G8 have again avoided addressing Western agricultural subsidies, tariff barriers and free trade agreements. However, these regulations in particular prevent Africa's poor countries from real opportunities for independent provision and participation in fair trade! "Said Tschimpke.
"Considering the cost of this G8 summit impose on taxpayers, the cost-benefit balance is also extremely meager, " said Tschimpke. Therefore, not only the question of the democratic legitimacy of these meetings, but also their implementation must be considered for the future. "In the long term, there is no way round being able to consistently replace the G8 's expensive' showcase 'with democratically legitimized United Nations bodies!" Said the NABU president.
Greenpeace: Merkel can still be climate protector
Also for Greenpeace the G8 summit has largely failed. The G8 summit had made no statement to limit the rise in temperature. There is no agreement on emissions reductions of the industrialized countries and no decision to stop the jungle deforestation. The G8 summit should also reach agreement on clear goals in the reduction of CO2 emissions and failed. To be regarded as a climate protector, Merkel must now go ahead. According to Greenpeace, that means saving 40 percent of CO2 by 2020 for Germany. This also includes the fact that the Federal Government does not make this goal dependent on obligations of other states, as hitherto.
"You are only a pioneer if you do not always wait for the others. This also applies to Angela Merkel and her wish. To wait for the other G8 countries in terms of climate protection, the problem is to be misunderstood. The G8 has missed its chance to show that it is responsible for its climate change, "said Tobias M nchmeyer, climate expert of Greenpeace.
Welcoming Greenpeace's message is that US President George W. Bush's initiative of last week aimed at damaging the UN process has been dismissed. The key phrase of the so-called Climate Breakthrough states: "(...) we will seriously consider the decisions of the European Union, Canada and Japan to halve global emissions by 2050". "It's like when it's on fire and the arsonists say they're 'seriously considered' to put out the fire, " says M nchmeyer.
(NABU, Greenpeace, 11.06.2007 - DLO)