Migrants make development aid
Home remittances support private health care and educationRead out
There are 191 million migrants worldwide and almost half of them are women. The current World Population Report 2006 comes to the positive result that especially the migrant women through remittances, the living conditions of their families at home sustainably improve. However, migration also has its downsides: every year, millions of migrant women are trafficked, abused and exploited in the workplace.
"No one should be forced to migrate out of necessity, " said Renate Bähr, Deputy Managing Director of the German Foundation for World Population (DSW), who published the report together with UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Has. In developing countries, however, many people have no other way out due to poverty and lack of prospects. "In order to improve the living conditions in the countries of origin, we need to fight poverty effectively. This includes family planning and health measures. In many poor countries, population growth is putting a strain on already weak social systems and scarce resources, thus increasing migration pressure. "
Remittances as development aid
In 2005, migrants transferred an estimated $ 232 billion to their home countries. Of this, a total of 167 billion US dollars flowed into developing countries. "Women send a much higher share of their income home than men, " says UNFPA representative Bettina Maas. Bangladeshi migrants working in the Middle East transfer 72 percent of their income to their families in their homeland. "The vast majority is for the health care and education of children. In this way, women make an important contribution to combating poverty and developing their countries. "
Out-migration weakens African health systems
The demand for qualified health workers in some industrialized countries is attracting more and more skilled migrants - plunging their home countries even deeper into the medical supply crisis. Of the 600 doctors trained in Zambia since independence in 1964, only 50 work in their home country today. In 2000, twice as many nurses left Ghana as were trained there the same year. "It's a scandal that there are so many doctors and nurses missing where the AIDS epidemic is at its worst, " said Renate Bähr. "If 20, 000 medical professionals continue to emigrate from Africa each year, the development goals of HIV / AIDS, infant and maternal mortality will remain unattainable."
Trafficking in human beings, sexual violence and exploitation
In 2005, about half of the world's 12.7 million refugees were women. On the run, women and girls are exposed to many dangers, such as sexual violence. An estimated 600, 000 to 800, 000 people are displaced and sold across national borders each year. 80 percent of them are women and girls. Misguided policies also often force women into unregulated employment sectors, where they easily become victims of exploitation and ill-treatment. This is especially true for migrant women working in private households abroad. display
Lack of multilateral cooperation and lack of political action to protect their rights are at the expense of these women, the report entitled The Path of Hope. Women and international migration appearing in New York in the run-up to the first UN migration summit in mid-September. "We need to better protect the health and human rights of migrant women, " says Bettina Maas. In addition, measures to promote equality for women and investment in poverty reduction are an essential part of a more equitable international migration policy, which will increase the benefits of migration for all ht and women from falling out of necessity depending on their needs.
(German Foundation for the World Population (DSW), 07.09.2006 - AHE)